Likes and dislikes in Spanish
Do you know how to express likes in Spanish? In this post you will learn it and you will practice with interactive exercises. Happy learning!
To express likes and dislikes in Spanish we use the verb «gustar»
However this verb is a «peculiar» verb in the sense that do not work like most verbs. Whereas in English we follow this pattern:
I like going to the cinema / SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT
In Spanish we say:
Me gusta ir al cine / INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN + VERB + SUBJECT
Therefore, the subject of the sentence is not the person who likes ( I = yo) but the thing / person that is liked ( going to the cinema = ir al cine)
It might help you to translate gustar as to appeal or to be appealing.
Bearing in mind that the subject is what is liked, what appeals, the verb will vary according to the number of the subject:
Me gusta el zumo de naranja
Orange juice appeals / is appealing to me
Me gustan las películas de miedo
Scary movies appeals / are appealing to me
Therefore if gustar is followed by a singular noun or an infinitive verb, it will be conjugated in the singular and if he is followed by a plural noun it will be conjugated in the plural.
Remember that when we use gustar followed by a noun, we always need to use an article before this noun, wether it is singular, plural or uncountable. The article will agree in gender and number with the noun:
Me gusta la música clásica
Me gustan los museos de arte
Me gusta un libro de aventuras
However we do not need the article with a verb or with a name of a place or person:
Me gusta pasear con mi perro
A Cristina le gusta mucho Valencia
A mi hermana y a mí nos gusta Javier Bardém
In Spanish we don’t use gustar with the personal pronouns ( yo, tú, él, usted…) like in the others verbs. Instead of this, we use ( me,te, le, nos, os…)
Gustar can be used with or without the form a+ tonic pronoun / name of person ( a mí, a tí, a nosotros/nosotras etc.) This form is only used to express contrast by highlighting the difference between the person who likes and other person mentioned in a sentence when the indirect object pronoun might cause confusion.
How to express likes in Spanish. Let’s practice…
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Well done !! 🙂 Now that you have learned how to express likes in Spanish, you should know another verbs with the same structure as «GUSTAR. Have a look to my post: «How to express pain in Spanish»